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How to record

Download stéréo wav file LA2v1

This file can be written on a CD or DVD or streamed by a computer or added to a DAW session (Protools, Nuendo, Pyramix,…)

Play the file in stereo on your loudspeakers and record simultaneously with your microphone.

  • start recording and then playing just after : there is a 5s starting silence so you have time to get to the listening position
  • keep the mic at listening position : sync bong is followed by 3s left sweep and right sweep. Sweep signal is a sine signal which frequency is changing from very low to highest frequencies
  • voice «move mic to left » : place the mic about 30cm left to listening position, signal will be asweep on left followed by a sweep on right
  • «move mic to right » : place the mic about 30cm right to LP, sweep on left followed by sweep on right
  • «move mic to front» : place the mic about 30cm front to LP, sweep on left followed by, sweep on right
  • «move mic to rear» : place the mic about 30cm rear to LP, sweep on left followed by sweep on right
  • «slowly move mic » : slowly move mic in a volume of about 1m3 around listening place : pink noise 20s on left channel, 20s on right channel, 10s of correlated noise on both channels followed by 10s of pink noise with phase between channels. In larger rooms, you can move mic in a larger volume  : 1/5th of each dimension is a guideline.

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Category: How to record

The easiest way is to use the record function available directly on the page Upload recording.

You may record directly to your computer combined to  a measurement mic, using the record function on page “Upload my record”.

On a computer, there are some free softwares to play and record simultaneously : ie Audacity has an overdub function (in preferences) :  https://audacity.fr/

You can also use a portable recorder (Zoom or others) or your mobile phone with a usb mic : ie Iphone and Umik connected with a lightning-usb adapter.

Using a mobile phone, it is recommended to compare to measurements done another way to be sure than the recording feature of your phone does’nt reduce frequency response.

Record in uncompressed format .wav mono, 16bits or 24 bits, 44.1 or 48kHz (aiff or flac will be accepted later).

In all case be sure to avoid any process on the played sound file and on the recording : no E, compressor, limiter, filter,…

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Category: How to record

Record in uncompressed format .wav mono, 16bits or 24 bits, 44.1 or 48kHz (aiff or flac also accepted). The recording must start between 15sec to 1sec before the sync click (which is 5sec after the voice announcing “start to record now”. After the end of the sounds sequence, you can cut anywhere but avoid to leave more than 10 to 20 sec after (so that the file size keeps reasonable).

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Category: How to record
  • sound level must be high enough, ie the voice level should be comparable to someone speaking in the room, also avoid any clipping on the recording
  • notice that we have no responsibility due to too high levels : start with low levels
  • record without filter, compression or any process or EQ (unless you do a measurement with correction EQ).
  • the recommended mic is MiniDSP Umik, at a resonnable price under 100€, connected in usb so you need no preamp. This mic is delivered with an individual calibration file at 0 and 90° : https://www.minidsp.com/products/acoustic-measurement/umik-1 or http://www.audiophonics.fr/fr/micros-de-mesure/minidsp-umik1-micro-mesure-usb-omnidirectionnel-p-8269.html or https://www.amazon.com/miniDSP-UMIK-1-Measurement-Calibrated-Microphone/dp/B00N4Q25R8
  • keep the mic vertically , pointing to ceiling, with the hand low on mic. Note that you have to send the corresponding calibration file (ie the one for 90°)
  • for left, right, front and rear position, better change slightly mic height
  • while sweeps, distance between positions is about 30cm for a studio or listening room and about 1m for a theater or large mixing room
  • with pink noise, the volume scanned by the mic is about 1mx1mx0.5m (Lxlxh) for a listening room or a studio up to 3mx3mx1m for a large room (preferably use a mic boom)
  • avoid any obstacle between loudspeaker and mic when moving mic
  • correlated pink noise is identical on both channels
  • don’t move mic less than 30cm of obstacles (seat, table, console,…)
  • while moving mic, take care to constantly vary distance between mic and your body
  • the way to move mic is not very important but allways move slowly to avoid noises, ie 30cm/second
  • the whole stereo sequence is about 2mn 30 seconds
  • synchronisation is automatically done by software : no need to precisely cut the record by keep less than 15sec before voice start and keep the whole record up to the end (sequence can be cut anywhere after end of sounds, but not too long to avoid excessive upload time ).

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Category: How to record

We recommend the MiniDSP Umik, which is a usb microphone so no need for a preamplifier. This mic gets two individual calibration files, one at 0° and one at 90°. But other calibrated mic can do the job. Even better if you get a random incidence response for your microphone.

Preferably use the mic vertically and upload the 90° cal file. Ideally the right calibration would be for random incidence but more often you only get 0° and 90° responses. With a Umik the random incidence that is nearly 3dB higher at 20kHz than the 90° response. It means that if you use the 90° calibration, you are a bit over-correcting and the real response of your loudspeakers is about 1dB lower at 10kHz and 3dB lower at 20kHz. See hereunder corresonding graph from IEC standards. You can see examples on measurement microphone websites such as GRAS or Bruel&Kjaer.

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Category: How to record

If you have a calibration file, send it together with the recording in the version corresponding to your use (ie version at 90° if mic was used vertically, as recommended). If you have no calibrated mic, choose None/flat. The calibration file is the microphone response itself, not the correction !

For Umik, send the manufacturer cal file.The level reported in the graphs is calculated with the recommended 18dB gain of the Umik together with the sensitivity from calibration file (this is important for multichannel movie setups to be in conformity with SMPTE standards).

For “Other”, send a file named “calibration.txt” with first line at 0Hz and last line at 24000Hz, with a space between frequency and level such as :

0 -20
20 -0.1
1000 0
20000 0.1
24000 -20

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Category: How to record

If you have no calibration file, upload only the recording and no .txt file. The software will then use a flat calibration curve. Depending on your mic, the results above 5kHz may be wrong.

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Category: How to record

Start to play our sound file at low volume, adjust so that voice is at a realistic level. Following those advices, there is no risk for your loudspeakers.

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Category: How to record

For acoustic measurements, you really don’t need high sampling rate files to play or to record. So we choose to produce our sound files at 44.1 or 48kHz. For your recording, you can use any sample rate because the file will be resampled to 48kHz for analysis.

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Category: How to record

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